Volume 20, Issue 3 (12-2023)                   JSDP 2023, 20(3): 61-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Kamandra M, Rashedi E, sanatijavan A. Channel Selection in EEG Signals Using Mutual Information for Motor Imagery Classification. JSDP 2023; 20 (3) : 5
URL: http://jsdp.rcisp.ac.ir/article-1-1282-en.html
Graduate University of Advanced Technology
Abstract:   (329 Views)
Brain-computer interface systems based on classification of the motor imageries (MI) using multi-channel EEG signal play a major role in the control of artificial limbs and machines by people with disabilities. One of the main problems in classifying these signals to recognize different MI tasks is the large number of channels. The large number of channels causes a lot of cost and hassle during the measurement process, increasing computational load of the preprocessing, feature extraction, and classification, difficulty of interpretation of results, and over-fitting of the classifier due to the limited number and noisy training samples. Since not all measured channels for classifying a particular MI task have useful information, it would be beneficial to select the optimal channels for classifying desired MI tasks. Channel selection methods are categorized into wrapper, filtered, hybrid, and embedded categories. In this paper, a filtering method is used due to less computational cost and the independence of the classifier. The used criterion is very important in filtering methods. Criteria based on first- and second-order data moments are less efficient for non-Gaussian classes. The proposed method uses mutual information between candidate channels and class label as a comprehensive criterion and sequential forward selection search strategy. One of the problems in using this criterion is the accurate estimation of mutual information in the high dimensional spaces. The kpn entropy estimator is used to accurately estimate the mutual information in high dimensional space with limited number of training samples. The power of 2 Hz non overlapping sub-bands in the 8-30 Hz band and in 250 milliseconds non overlapping intervals in half to two and a half seconds after the onset of MI are extracted as features for each channel. The extracted features are reduced to 10 for each channel by combining the unsupervised L1-PCA and supervised NWFE dimensionality reduction methods. The reported results show the ability of the proposed method to select effective channels for classifying left and right hand and feet MI tasks. The overall accuracy of the SVM classifier on test samples for two subjects labeled aa and al from the BCI III competition dataset is 94.87% and 96.51%, respectively, while the number of channels is reduced from 118 to 7 channels.
Article number: 5
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Paper
Received: 2021/11/1 | Accepted: 2023/07/8 | Published: 2024/01/14 | ePublished: 2024/01/14

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