Volume 16, Issue 4 (3-2020)                   JSDP 2020, 16(4): 3-16 | Back to browse issues page

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Gandomi M, Hassanpour H. Feature Extraction to Identify Network Traffic with Considering Packet Loss Effects. JSDP. 2020; 16 (4) :3-16
URL: http://jsdp.rcisp.ac.ir/article-1-825-en.html
Abstract:   (319 Views)

There are huge petitions of network traffic coming from various applications on Internet. In dealing with this volume of network traffic, network management plays a crucial rule. Traffic classification is a basic technique which is used by Internet service providers (ISP) to manage network resources and to guarantee Internet security. In addition, growing bandwidth usage, at one hand, and limited physical capacity of communication lines, at the other hand, lead providers to improve utilization quality of network resources. In fact, classification or identification of network is a critical task in network processing for traffic management, anomaly detection, and also to improve network quality-of-service (QoS). Port and payload based methods are two classical techniques which are applicable under traditional network conditions. However, many Internet applications use dynamic port numbers for communications, which lead to difficulties in identifying traffic using port numbers. Also many applications encrypt the data before transmitting to avoid detection. Therefore, payload-based techniques are inefficient for these traffics. In recent years, statistical feature-based traffic flow identification methods (STFIM) have attracted the interest of many researchers. The most important part of a STFIM is the selection of efficient statistical features.
Preliminary analysis shows that the problem of packet loss in data transmission is one of the major challenges in employing STFIM for network traffic identification. This affects the statistical characteristics of packets, such as the time interval between sending successive application packets, and in some cases significantly reduces the accuracy of traffic identification. The main goal of this paper is to examine the effects of packet loss on statistical features, and therefore the accuracy of identifying applications, as well as extracting appropriate features to overcome these effects. For this purpose, the behavior of four statistical features, including the packet size, the time interval between sending and receiving packets, the duration of the flows and the rate of sending packets, are investigated; then applications traffics are identified via considering characteristics of their distribution.
We collected a database of network traffic flow from seven applications with different rates of packet loss. We used the extracted features in a multilayer neural network, as a classifier, to differentiate between different traffic applications. Experimental results show that the extracted features are robust against the packets loss, and the accuracy of the network traffic identification is close to the ideal state (traffic flow with no packet lost).

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Paper
Received: 2018/01/3 | Accepted: 2018/05/23 | Published: 2020/04/20 | ePublished: 2020/04/20

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