Volume 15, Issue 3 (12-2018)                   JSDP 2018, 15(3): 47-58 | Back to browse issues page


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Gharavi N H, Mirqadri A, Abdollahi azgomi M, Mousavi S A. Expected coverage rate for the Hellman matrices. JSDP. 2018; 15 (3) :47-58
URL: http://jsdp.rcisp.ac.ir/article-1-607-en.html
Abstract:   (458 Views)

Hellman’s time-memory trade-off is a probabilistic method for inverting one-way functions, using pre-computed data. Hellman introduced this method in 1980 and obtained a lower bound for the success probability of his algorithm.  After that, all further analyses of researchers are based on this lower bound.
In this paper, we first studied the expected coverage rate (ECR) of the Hellman matrices, which are constructed by a single chain. We showed that the ECR of such matrices is maximum and equal to 0.85. In this process, we find out that there exists a gap between the Hellman’s lower bound and experimental coverage rate of a Hellman matrix. Specifically, this gap is larger, when considering the Hellman matrices constructed with one single chain. So, we are investigated to obtain an accurate formula for the ECR of a Hellman matrix. Subsequently, we presented a new formula that estimate the ECR of a Hellman matrix more accurately than the Hellman’s lower bound. We showed that the given formula is closely match experimental data.
In the last, we introduced a new method to construct matrices which have much more ECR than Hellman matrices. In fact, each matrix in this new method is constructed with one single chain, which is non-repeating trajectory from a random point. So, this approach result in a number of matrices that each one contains a chain with variable length. The main advantage of this method is that we have more probability of success than Hellman method, however online time and memory requirements are increased. We have also verified theory of this new method with experimental results.
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Paper
Received: 2017/12/7 | Accepted: 2018/07/25 | Published: 2018/12/19 | ePublished: 2018/12/19

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