Volume 13, Number 4 (3-2017) | JSDP 2017, 13(4): 63-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Estimation of protein-coding regions in numerical DNA sequences using Variable Length Window method based on 3-D Z-curve. JSDP. 2017; 13 (4) :63-78
URL: http://jsdp.rcisp.ac.ir/article-1-101-en.html

Abstract:   (78 Views)

In recent years, estimation of protein-coding regions in numerical deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences using signal processing tools has been a challenging issue in bioinformatics, owing to their 3-base periodicity. Many digital signal processing (DSP) tools have been applied in order to identification task and concentrated on assigning numerical values to the symbolic DNA sequence and then applying spectral analysis tools such as the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to locate the periodicity components. Despite of many advantages of Fourier transform in detection of exonic regions, this approach has some restrictions, such as high computational complexity and disability in locating the small length coding regions. In this paper, we improve the performance of the conventional DFT in estimating the protein coding regions utilizing a Gaussian window with variable length. First, the DNA strands are converted to numerical signals via the 3-D Z-curve method. Z curve is a robust, independent, less redundant approach, and has clear biological interpretation which can be regarded as a useful visualization technique for DNA analysis of any length. In the second stage, non-coding regions besides the background noise components are completely suppressed using the Gaussian variable length window. Also, we use a narrow-band band-pass filter in order to extract the period-3 components with central frequency. Performance of the proposed algorithm is tested on F56F11.4 from C.elegans chromosome III, and also two eukaryotic datasets, HMR195 and BG570, and is compared with other state-of-the-art methods based on the nucleotide evaluation metrics such as sensitivity, specificity, approximation correlation, and precision. Results revealed that, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is improved from 4% to 40%, in HMR195 and BG570 datasets compared to other methods. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm reduces the number of incorrect nucleotides which are estimated as coding regions.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Paper
Received: 2013/06/6 | Accepted: 2016/06/15 | Published: 2017/06/6

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